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Mesopotamian barbel

Scientific name: Luciobarbus subquincunciatus

Range: Tigris-Euphrates river system in Eastern Turkey, Eastern Syria, Iran, Iraq

When last seen: One specimen was caught in 2011.

Suspected reason for disappearance: Overfishing, habitat loss, eutrophication, dam construction and water abstraction.

IUCN conservation status: Critically Endangered

Facts: Also known as the leopard barbel or spot barb. Was once abundant in certain locations but has declined rapidly over the past 30 years or more.

Size: Grows up to 60cm.